KURIR STORY: While Carovska forcibly rejects textbooks, world research denies it – these are the negative effects of digitalization

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The Macedonian public was disgusted when only a few days ago, the Minister of Education Mila Carovska in a scandalous statement to the media said that every parent who gives a printed textbook to their child does harm. She also indicated that she would report the bookstores that print textbooks, and as a reason for this, she states that the digital literacy of the students should have been raised to a higher level.

Carovska: Every parent who imposes a printed textbook on a student does harm!

Has Minister Carovska ever researched, seen, read, been interested in the harmful and negative consequences that PERMANENTLY remain in children when constantly using any electronic device? Obviously NO! Instead of being the first person in the Ministry of Education and Science to support books and literature, as well as to spread that culture, the Minister is increasingly suppressing the normal and pushing the young generations into the “digital world”. And yes, technology is advanced, of course, we have to move forward, many countries are starting to use digital devices in education, BUT AS AUXILIARY DEVICES, the two concepts are combined, and of course, the textbook is preferred.

Most importantly – do not use the concept with the digital devices of the youngest students. This is the case in the United States, which is normally 1,000 light-years away. Complete immersion in the digital world, lack of live communication, and physical activity can cost a child dearly in the future. In other words, everything is fine in moderation. Why didn’t she come out as someone who is the head of a state institution and point out the negative influences or at least give recommendations for protection, as the safest way to use all those electronic devices. No, Carovska chose to go against the world, to uproot the value of books. Not to mention the large percentage of families in Macedonia who do not have basic living conditions, and not for electronic devices and internet connection….

KURIR researches:

Prolonged exposure to an electronic device can lead to headaches, migraines, decreased immunity, depression, hormonal imbalances, and sleep disorders. Computer work increases the risk of developing Alzheimer’s disease, Parkinson’s disease, cancer, and reproductive system dysfunction. Importantly – such an impact is especially dangerous for the growing and developing organism – children and pregnant women are at risk.

How dangerous is a home computer?

A home computer, laptop, or smartphone is a source of harmful radiation. How much radiation you receive from a computer depends on various factors: device type, time of use, location. Due to the rapid growth and development of the nervous system in childhood, radiation has a more pronounced negative effect. Scientists believe that prolonged exposure to screens causes a decrease in immunity, impaired nervous development, and attention deficit disorder.

The main disadvantages of working with a computer display are:

– flicker (ripple) of the brightness of the image;
– increased level of brightness of the image;
– poor ambient lighting conditions;
– poor image quality (clarity, contrast, focus, uneven brightness, etc.);
– ultraviolet radiation;
– electromagnetic radiation;
– Poor ergonomics and poor monitor design (glossy screen, bright details or indicators on the front panel, poor screen position adjustment, etc.).

Almost all types of modern monitors emit a certain amount of ultraviolet radiation. Prolonged exposure to ultraviolet radiation when working behind a computer monitor adversely affects human vision. This is a serious problem.

A recent study published in The Lancet Digital Health warns that looking too long at a cell phone or computer screen can increase the risk of myopia in children by up to 80%. Over 3,000 studies related to smart device exposure and myopia in children and young people aged three months to 33 years were conducted by Anglia Ruskin University in Cambridge, England.


Scientists have found a close link between time spent watching a phone or tablet and a higher risk of developing myopia in these age groups. The worrying fact is that smartphones increase the risk by 30%, and computer use increases the risk by as much as 80%.

Scientists and researchers are expressing fear and concern that this may mean that by 2050, half the world may have short-sightedness or any vision problems. The World Health Organization in 2019 recommended that children under the age of two do not spend any time in front of a monitor or screen, and children from two to five years do not spend more than an hour. A CensusWide study conducted the same year on 2,000 families in Britain found that children spend 23 hours a week looking at screens. According to numerous studies, this number has increased significantly during the coronavirus pandemic.

– Our study is the most comprehensive so far on this issue and shows the potential relationship between time spent in front of the screen and myopia in young people. It is clear that further research is urgently needed to further understand how exposure to digital devices can affect our eyes and vision. We also know that people do not regularly experience the real-time they spend in front of the screen, so future studies should use objective measures to gather this information, said Rupert Bourne, professor of ophthalmology and co-author of the study.

Scientists from Denmark were upset by the fact that a study of the impact of electronic devices on child development showed that 12% of children aged 5-7 spend most of their free time in the online world, and not in the company of their peers. Scientists have noticed another point – several children, so detached from the processes of real life that they tried to “enlarge” the pictures drawn on paper with their fingers, not understanding why nothing came out of it. To distract children from electronic devices, they recommend BOOKING BOOKS, LIVE COMMUNICATION, AND PHYSICAL ACTIVITY.

In China, a study of 120,000 children aged six to 13 showed a dramatic increase in diagnosed myopia, and children aged six to eight had three times as many cases as the previous year. In that age group, as noted, vision deteriorates by an average of – 0.3 diopters. Excessive use of electronic devices, according to scientists, does not only cause myopia – but they can also lead to blurred vision, and the use of a mobile phone at night can also cause insomnia.

“The high percentage of blue light on the screens prevents the secretion of the hormone melatonin, which makes a person sleepy,” said Professor Nicole Ether, director of the ophthalmology clinic at the University of Munster, which advice avoiding these devices at least two hours before bedtime.

In his lecture at the “Weekend Media Festival”, the famous German neurologist, psychiatrist and psychologist Manfred Spitzer spoke about the long-term consequences on children’s cognitive development. Research shows that children who spend more time looking at the screen become less clear over time. He concludes: a child who sees a lot on the screen at the age of 3 will be less clear at the age of 5. Therefore, it is not surprising that there is not too much positive opinion about the digitalization of the curriculum, ie the placement of computers/tablets in each class. He believes that such devices delay the learning process and as evidence cites several studies that have shown that departments without any tools better solve their tasks. In fact, according to the PISA test, has shown that “poorer” countries that have not introduced computers and tablets in schools work best.

And while campaigns are being conducted around the world to get children to read more books, campaigns to distract children from electronic devices as well as campaigns about how HARMFUL computers, tablets, phones, and other such devices are FOR CHILD DEVELOPMENT, in our Macedonia “campaigns” are conducted with threats and burning of every book and textbook. Is there a normal one left from this Government ?! Obviously, Mila Carovska’s “the fly does not crawl” for the fact that the whole Macedonian nation does not like her, they “spit” on her from all sides, a petition is signed for her resignation…