Macedonia implements reforms to reduce unemployment

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World Bank is optimistic about the situation with unemployment in Macedonia. Reforms in the area of ​​employment policy have been done in the recent years and we expect to see results. This is the assessment is the report of the World Bank for Europe and Central Asia, “Back to Work: Increase jobs in Europe and Central Asia”, which was presented today in Skopje.

– Jobs are crucial issue for the development of the Republic of Macedonia. Unemployment is very high, and half of the population between 15 and 64 is unemployed. Macedonia is taking steps to improve the situation and unemployment in the last year fell below 30 percent, the director of the World Bank in Skopje, Tatjana Proskurjakova said.

Minister of Labor and Social Policy Dime Spasov indicated much of the reforms undertaken to encourage employment, pointing out that business climate is created that conditions in private sector job creation is improved. He emphasized that operating plan that provides employment of 4,000 people this year was adopted.

– Economic development and job creation require a multisectoral approach and the government implemented a number of reforms to improve the business climate and competitiveness and investment increase. It was accessed in increasing the effectiveness of regulations on labor relations, the education system improvement and human resources according to the needs of the labor market coupled with active employment policies. All this in a package to strengthen the capacity of institutions created effective services in the labor market and provided more flexibility in the jobs that created better conditions for job creation, the minister Spasov said.

He added that conditions in the country for formalization of jobs improved, through lower taxes and tax breaks for small businesses, farmers and those who formed company for the first time, as well as additional measures for stimulating active job creation and formalization of enterprises.

The report, as Omar Aries from the World Bank said, states that the reforms undertaken in recent years by Macedonia should show results in terms of job creation. Such experiences are seen in other countries, such as Poland and Turkey.

– Macedonia is one of the countries in the region that have made major efforts to reform, for improving the institutions and regulations that allow the private sector to create jobs, Aries said.

The World Bank report states that in 2012 in Macedonia, 44 100 people of working age from 15 to 64 years were working. Only 35 of 100 women worked outside the home, compared with 52 percent of men in that age group. In 2012 the unemployment rate was 31 percent, and by the end of the third quarter of 2013 fell to 29 percent.

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